Faculty Rank Structure Section 8.3 Dept: Provost's Office Revised: September 19th, 2013

Criterion Areas

The criteria for promotion falls into three categories: Research, Teaching, and Service.

Research

Research includes a broad range of activities that signify mastery of and contribution to one's area of academic expertise.  This includes demonstrated awareness and integration of current research in fields relevant to one's academic responsibilities, presentations at scholarly societies, publication of college level textbooks, scholarly monographs, articles in refereed journals or scholarly works in other recognized publications, and leadership and involvement in scholarly societies.  Non-traditional projects, such as computer software, comprehensive course design, and curricular program design may merit consideration.  When they are included in the application for promotion instead of, or in addition to, more traditional forms of scholarship, they must be accompanied by professional reviews by off-campus experts in the field approved by the department chair/dean or other evidence of their value to the larger profession.  In certain applied fields such as fine arts and business, scholarship may also be demonstrated by creative productions, professional credentials and a high level of leadership participation and acknowledged expertise in one's field.

Teaching

Teaching involves the entire process of student learning including classroom performance, course preparation, student advisement and an evaluation of learning effectiveness.   Promotion decisions in this area take into consideration factors such as quality of organization of course material, clarity and appropriateness of assignments, effectiveness in working with a wide range of students (majors and non-majors, able and struggling), ability to motivate and challenge students, awareness and/or utilization of innovative and appropriate instructional techniques, an understanding of students as individuals, a positive attitude toward students and their needs, involvement in curriculum planning and other departmental affairs.

Service

Service refers to special contributions that go beyond the routine responsibilities that all faculty are expected to share. This includes areas such as major efforts in program development, highly significant leadership in committee or departmental work, exceptional modeling of the integration of faith and learning in university programs and activities, work with students that goes well beyond the norm, involvement in community activities that have a direct or indirect benefit to Biola, and Christian service activities that further Biola's objectives. This category may include such activities as political and other civic involvement, consultation to other individuals and organizations; lecturing and writing for lay audiences as well as significant work or service rendered within the general church community. Although not considered either scholarly activity or a direct teaching responsibility, these latter activities further Biola's general institutional objectives, aid in student recruitment, and have a positive impact on Biola's recognition and acceptance in the communities in which it is involved and which it serves.

 

Selection of Criteria

For the individual who seeks promotion it is expected that there will be satisfactory and demonstrable performance in each of the three categories.  It is also expected that faculty members receiving promotions will be functioning well in each of these three areas.   Exceptional scholarship, for example, will not compensate for inadequate teaching skills.

Promotion and years of Service

The following chart gives the number of years of service required before being eligible to apply for promotion to the next level:

Assistant 1 to Assistant 2     2 years

Assistant 2 to Associate 1     2 years

Associate 1 to Associate 2     2 years

Associate 2 to Associate 3     2 years

Associate 3 to Professor 1     3 years

Professor 1 to Professor 2     3 years

Professor 2 to Professor 3     3 years

The intended purpose for specified “years of service” at each level (in the chart above) is to encourage and allow adequate time for the following:  (1) professional growth; (2) academic contributions and service; and (3) development of collegial working relationships within the faculty member’s department, school and university.  The above requirements for years in rank are considered entry levels and are not meant to imply that all (or even most) faculty will be ready at this time.  Faculty at three-quarter time will likely need even more time to reach the requirements in all categories because of their reduced workload.

Faculty who are applying for promotion subsequent to their first advancement should include in their portfolios all accomplishments during the year between submission of application and when their last promotion took effect.  This prevents accomplishments from being lost and enables faculty to include an extra year’s accomplishments as part of their portfolio for the next promotion cycle.  

Foundational Contributions

Underlying all three basic categories are two special contributions.  One is involvement in the spiritual and personal maturing of students.  While this factor is especially important in the area of teaching, it is expected that all faculty, in addition to sharing Biola's theological commitment, will be actively involved in the spiritual formation of students in a positive manner which is openly apparent.

The second contribution is a commitment to the process of integration of one's discipline with scriptural revelation. This is what is referred to as the “integration of faith and learning.” We consider this to be a hallmark of Biola’s educational experience.  Likewise, it is expected that this dimension will cut across all of a faculty member's scholarship (research, teaching and service) regardless of rank.

It is a basic assumption that the faculty can successfully serve as role models and fully integrate faith and learning/living only as each personally allows for growth in his/her own spiritual life.  The faculty is expected to manifest and provide underlying and pervading evidence of such development.

 

Specific Rank and Level Criteria

Lecturer

Minimum requirement: Baccalaureate Degree

Shall hold an earned bachelor's degree from an accredited institution in the faculty member's field of teaching;  or shall hold certificates/credentials that qualify for special instructional needs and have demonstrated abilities/performance equivalent to the earned bachelor's degree, as evaluated by the department chairperson and approved by the dean of the instructional school.  A lecturer is a part-time position and is not considered a permanent position.

Instructor

Minimum requirement: Master's Degree

Appointment at the Instructor level is based primarily on academic preparation and evidence of potential for teaching success and scholarly activity. This is generally considered an initial rank for individuals who do not have a terminal degree in their academic area and tenure does not attach to this rank.

An Instructor shall: hold an earned master's degree or its equivalent (45 semester units) toward a terminal degree from an accredited institution in the faculty member's field of teaching; or hold an earned bachelor's degree from an accredited institution in the field of teaching and have demonstrated abilities/performance equivalent to the master's degree, as evaluated by the department chairperson and approved by the dean of the instructional school.

In addition to the above, show evidence of satisfactory ability as a researcher, teacher, and potential contributor to the service needs of the university.

Assistant Professor

Minimum requirement: Recognized terminal degree

Appointment at the Assistant Professor level is based on academic preparation and demonstrated success or strong evidence of potential scholarship in research and/or teaching.  This is the first rank with a tenure option, and "years of service" counting towards eligibility for pre-tenure review begins at this rank.  While it is possible to achieve tenure at this level, tenure is generally not granted unless the faculty member shows potential for advancing to a higher rank.

Level 1

At the time of appointment to Assistant Professor 1, shall hold an earned doctorate from an accredited institution in academic fields of teaching; or shall hold an earned master's degree from an accredited institution in certain fields of applied arts and sciences where the master's degree (e.g., Master's of Fine Arts) is usually the terminal degree as determined by the dean of the school and the appropriate departmental and faculty committee(s).

In addition to the above, shall show evidence of scholarly productivity, satisfactory teaching ability, and contributions to the goals of the university as outlined in the “Selection of Criteria” section and Criteria for Advancement Chart.

Level 2

Shall show continued evidence of scholarly productivity, satisfactory teaching ability and contributions to the goals of the university beyond that which was demonstrated for promotion to Level 1.  See the "Selection of Criteria" (Section 8.3) and "Criteria for Advancement" (Section 8.32).  One can apply for Level 2 after completing two years at Level 1 (Section 8.3).

Associate Professor

Appointment at the Associate Professor rank is based on demonstrated proficiency and accomplishment (in contrast to academic preparation and/or potential).  Strong evidence of effective scholarship in research, teaching, and service must be apparent at this level.  Faculty at this level are expected to demonstrate significant institutional leadership in areas such as curriculum development and instructional innovation.  They should also be prepared to assume a full range of responsibilities for graduate teaching and advising as appropriate.

Level 1

At the time of appointment to Associate Professor 1, shall hold an earned doctorate from an accredited institution in the teaching field and have completed a minimum of five years teaching.

In addition to the above, the candidate shall show evidence of scholarly productivity, satisfactory teaching ability and contributions to the goals of the university as outlined in the “Selection of Criteria” (Section 8.3) and “Criteria for Advancement” (Section 8.32).  One can apply for Associate Professor 1 after completing two years at the previous level (Section 8.3).

Level 2

Shall continue to meet the criteria for Associate Level 1, but at Level 2 one must have further evidence of scholarly productivity, satisfactory teaching ability and contributions to the goals of the university as outlined in the “Selection of Criteria” section and Criteria for Advancement Chart.  One can apply for Level 2 after completing two years at Level 1 (Sec. 8.3).

Level 3

Shall continue to meet the criteria for Associate Level 2, but at Level 3 one must have further evidence of scholarly productivity, satisfactory teaching ability and contributions to the goals of the university as outlined in the “Selection of Criteria” (Section 8.3) and “Criteria for Advancement” (Section 8.32).  One can apply for Level 3 after completing two years at Level 2 (Section 8.3).

Professor

The following criteria serve as guidelines for awarding the rank of Professor.  They reflect the university's affirmation of the uniqueness of each individual, its recognition that God provides natural talents, personal skills and spiritual gifts to us in different measures, and its recognition of the value of the diversity of such contributions to the university.  As such, these criteria are open to interpretation and exception where the University Personnel Committee determines that the individual merits of the case warrant promotion.  In addition to having satisfied the requirements for attaining the rank of Associate Professor, Level 3, Professors shall have achieved the following:

Level 1

At the time of appointment to Professor 1, shall hold an earned doctorate or the equivalent from an accredited institution in the field of teaching and have completed twelve years of college teaching, of which seven years must have been after conferral of the terminal degree.  In addition to the above, shall show evidence of continued development in Research, Teaching, and Service, beyond that used to obtain any Associate Professor level.  See the “Selection of Criteria” (Section 8.3) and “Criteria for Advancement” (Section 8.32).  One can apply for Professor 1 after completing three years at Associate Professor Level 3 (Section 8.3).

Level 2

Shall evidence continued development in a specialized promotion path (e.g., Research, Teaching, or Service) or areas of generalization, with further growth apparent since attaining Level 1. One can apply for Level 2 after completing three years at Level 1 (Section 8.3).

Level 3

Shall evidence continued excellence in a specialized promotion path (e.g., Research, Teaching, or Service) or areas of generalization, with further growth apparent since attaining Level 2. One can apply for Level 3 after completing three years at Level 2 (Section 8.3).

Distinguished Professor

This level is a highly selective one granted only in exceptional circumstances to professors who are making outstanding and creative contributions to the university in addition to having national recognition as a scholar in their respective areas.

Candidature by invitation of administration and limited to no more than 5 percent of the total faculty.

Served at Level 3 at least two years.

Emeritus Status

To be eligible for receiving emeritus status, a faculty member must have been granted tenure, be at least 55 years of age and have completed a minimum of 10 years of full-time service at Biola University.  The president of the university grants emeritus status to persons who meet the minimum requirements.  The President may make an exception to these minima after consultation with an appropriate faculty committee.  The granting of emeritus status is included as an information item to the Board of Trustees and is announced publicly at a regular commencement.

Visiting Professor

Temporary assignment.  Not eligible for promotion.

This rank is reserved for scholars who are at Biola for a limited time, generally no more than a year, in a visiting capacity.  Typically such an appointment carries with it teaching assignments and other duties germane to a faculty appointment.  Invitation to such an appointment must be done with the approval of the Provost.

Professor in Residence

Full-time, non-hiring, non-tenure track appointment.  Eligible for promotion following the normal procedures.

Research Professor

This is a highly selective category and is granted only in exceptional circumstances.  Candidature by invitation of administration in consultation with appropriate faculty committee.

Professor at Large

Non-tenure track appointment.  Intended for those who teach on occasion and have distinguished themselves in a given field.

Non-Faculty Designations

At times guests will be invited onto the Biola Campus to present material to students and/or to faculty.  Beyond those invited by a faculty person to speak to a class or those invited to speak in chapel, there are three categories that merit special mention.

Visiting Scholar

This category includes recognized scholars brought on campus to conduct research, perhaps during a sabbatical or research leave from their institution.  They may be invited to give some classroom lectures, but the lecturing will always be at the invitation of a Biola University faculty member who maintains sovereignty over the discussion and classroom.  Approval will be granted by the president upon recommendation by the provost/senior vice president.  These Visiting Scholars will need to attest to their profession of faith as Christians. 

Visiting Fellow

This category is reserved for scholars who are invited on campus for extended periods but whose primary responsibility is research and academic collaboration.  Like Visiting Scholars, Visiting Fellows may be invited to give some classroom lectures, but the lecturing will always be at the invitation of a Biola University faculty member who maintains sovereignty over the discussion and classroom.  Approval will be granted by the president upon recommendation by the provost/senior vice president.  These Visiting Fellows will need to attest to their profession of faith as Christians.

Guest Lecturer

At times guest lecturers and chapel speakers will be invited onto the Biola University campus to present lectures to students and/or faculty.  Lecturers will be under the direction of the course professor-of-record and with approval by the respective dean.  Chapel speakers will be under the direction of the dean of spiritual development with approval by the vice president of student development.  Those giving major addresses such as commencement or a distinguished lectureship series will need the invitation and approval of the provost and president.